Nefteyugansk, situated in Russia, holds the administrative status of being the center of the Nefteyugansk district in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra.
This city, ranking as the third-largest in the district (following Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk), stands out as one of the few in Russia that surpasses the regional capital (Khanty-Mansiysk) in terms of population. Initially founded on June 21, 1961, as the village of Partsezdovsky near Ust-Balyk, Nefteyugansk has evolved over the years.
Within the administrative framework, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug holds the designation of a city of district significance. Regarding local self-governance, the city of Nefteyugansk constitutes a distinct municipal entity, holding the status of an urban district, with no other populated areas within its jurisdiction.