Indonesia, officially known as the Republic of Indonesia, is a nation situated in Southeast Asia and Oceania, spanning the expanse between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Comprising a vast archipelago, it encompasses more than 17,000 islands, including significant landmasses like Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and portions of Borneo and New Guinea.
Indonesia stands as the world’s largest archipelagic state and ranks as the 14th largest country in terms of area, covering approximately 1,904,569 square kilometers (735,358 square miles). This nation is home to an immense population, exceeding 278 million people, making it the world’s fourth-most populous country.
Furthermore, Indonesia holds the distinction of being the most populous country with a Muslim-majority population. Notably, Java, the planet’s most densely inhabited island, accommodates over half of Indonesia’s total population.