The Republic of Finland, commonly referred to as Finland, is a Nordic nation located in Northern Europe. It shares borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. To the west lies the Gulf of Bothnia, while the Gulf of Finland to the south separates it from Estonia.
Covering an extensive land area of 338,145 square kilometers, Finland is home to a population of 5.6 million people. Its capital and largest city is Helsinki. The majority of its residents are of Finnish ethnicity.
Finnish and Swedish hold the distinction of being the official languages, with Swedish as the mother tongue for 5.2% of the population. The climate in Finland ranges from a humid continental climate in the south to a boreal climate in the north.
The country’s terrain is predominantly characterized by a boreal forest biome, with an impressive tally of over 180,000 documented lakes.