Canada, situated in North America, boasts ten provinces and three territories stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and reaching northward to the Arctic Ocean. This expansive reach positions Canada as the world’s second-largest country in terms of total area, featuring the longest coastline globally.
Distinguishing itself, Canada shares the world’s lengthiest international land border with the United States. The nation exhibits a diverse array of meteorological and geological regions.
Though vast in size, Canada is relatively sparsely populated, with approximately 40 million inhabitants, the majority residing south of the 55th parallel in urban centers. Ottawa serves as the nation’s capital, and its three most populous metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.