Latvia, positioned in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, constitutes one of the three Baltic states, flanked by Estonia to the north and Lithuania to the south.
To the east, it shares borders with Russia, and to the southeast, it connects with Belarus, also boasting a maritime boundary with Sweden to the west. The landmass of Latvia encompasses 64,589 km2, inhabited by approximately 1.9 million individuals. The country experiences a temperate seasonal climate.
Riga, the capital and largest city, serves as a vibrant hub within Latvia. The Latvian populace identifies with the ethnolinguistic Balts and communicates through Latvian, one of the only two surviving Baltic languages.