al-Haram Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the main and largest mosque in the world. Its courtyard is a holy place for Islam, as it houses the Kaaba, the main shrine of this religion. A visit to this mosque and the Kaaba is obligatory for Muslims during the pilgrimage known as the Hajj.
The Al-Haram Mosque also includes other important sacred sites such as the Black Stone, the Zamzam Well, the place where Prophet Ibrahim (Maqam Ibrahim) stood, and the as-Safa and al-Marwa hills.
Over the years, the al-Haram mosque has undergone major renovations and expansions and has become the largest mosque in the world.
She passed from the control of various rulers, including caliphs, sultans and kings, and is now under the supervision of the king of Saudi Arabia, who bears the title of “Servant of the Two Holy Mosques”.
Near the mosque is a complex of buildings Abraj al-Beit, which includes the world’s highest clock tower. However, the construction of this complex has been controversial due to the destruction of Islamic historical sites.