Tyumen, situated in Russia, holds the administrative reins of the Tyumen region and its eponymous district, forming an integral part of it. Nestled alongside the Tura River, Tyumen stands as an urban district.
With a population of 855,618 (2023), Tyumen ranks as the fourth most populous city in Siberia and the eighteenth in all of Russia.
This city boasts the distinction of being the initial Russian settlement in Siberia, its roots tracing back to 1586.
Tyumen proudly carries the title of the “City of Labor Valor,” a recognition bestowed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on May 20, 2021.
The city’s name has several proposed origins:
- Derived from a Turkic term signifying “10 thousand.” Academician G.F. Miller recounts a Tatar legend about a local prince who either had this number of subjects or could command a tumen of warriors or had so many cattle that they filled all the Tyumen ravines, totaling 10,000 heads.
- According to another perspective, it stems from the Tatar words “tu” (property) and “mian” (I), translating to “my property.”
- There’s also a belief that the city’s name might be linked to Tumene Khan (490-552), the founder of the Turkic Khaganate.