Slovakia – view of Spiš Castle

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Spišské Podhradie, SK
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Spisz Grad, built by the Hungarians, is located on top of a tufaceous mountain 634 meters above sea level. The castle walls, ranging in height from 20 to 40 meters in different sections, make the castle impregnable. Locals call it “an inaccessible and impregnable place. Archeological excavations in the area have revealed traces of the Bukovoyrka culture, and a settlement of the Puchovka culture, which belongs to the early Iron Age, was built on a rock massif.

In the XI century on the top of the mountain, on the remains of the Celtic settlement, was founded Spiska Castle. Subsequently, the castle was rebuilt and expanded in the XIII century. It successfully repelled the assault of the Mongols in 1241, thanks to the fortifications created by the caring King Bila IV.

Over the centuries, the castle has passed through many owners and ruling families, and has been subject to reconstructions and additions. In 1993, the Spiš Castle was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. At present, the process of restoration of the castle’s fortifications is underway.

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