Ternopil, located in the west of Ukraine, is the administrative center of Ternopil region, Ternopil region and Ternopil city community.
The city is located on the banks of the Seret River.
This city is one of the largest in the historical region of Galicia and plays an important role as a transport hub in Ukraine. Ternopil is served by an international airport.
Of the ancient architectural structures of this city that have survived to the present, it is worth highlighting the Old Castle, also known as the “Ternopil Castle“. In 1540, the Polish king Sigismund I issued a charter to Jan Amor Tarnovsky, a castellan of Krakow, for the creation of the city and the right to own the land around it. The construction of this fortress on the banks of the Seret River in the Sopilche (Topilche) area took eight years.
In addition to the Old Castle, the “Nad-pond Church” of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, which was built at the beginning of the 16th century on the foundation of an ancient temple, whose roots go back to the times of Kievan Rus, has been preserved.
This three-part temple without domes is part of the historical heritage. The second church – the Nativity of Christ, as the inscription testifies, began to build on June 15, 1602 and completed on August 4, 1608 under the guidance of a famous bricklayer named Leonty.