Taipei serves as the capital of the Republic of China, acknowledged as “the temporary seat of the government” during the communist rebellion, as per the Republic of China authorities.
From the perspective of the PRC leadership, Taipei is the capital of Taiwan Province within the PRC.
Notably, in 2003, Taipei saw the construction of Taipei 101, one of the world’s tallest skyscrapers.
Taipei holds paramount significance as an educational hub within Taiwan, housing prominent institutions like the National Taiwan University. It also stands as Taiwan’s primary media center.
Historically, prior to the 18th century, the area that encompasses present-day Taipei was inhabited by the Ketagalan people. Chinese settlement commenced in 1709, gaining momentum over time.
Towards the close of the 19th century, Taipei emerged as a pivotal Chinese settlement in northern Taiwan. The port of Tamsui, situated along the Taiwan Strait, assumed substantial economic importance, particularly due to tea export. In 1875, the northern region was designated a separate government entity named Taipei, segregating from the Taiwan Government’s jurisdiction.
In 1886, when Taiwan was designated a Chinese province, Taipei was designated as its capital. Although much of the old city from the Qing Empire era has transformed, remnants like the northern gate still exist, while other gates and city walls have evolved over various periods of rule, including Japanese rule and Kuomintang governance.